746. Servant.

746. Servant.NOUN. subject, liegeman; servant, retainer, follower, henchman, servitor, domestic, menial, help, lady help, employé or employe, hireling, mercenary, pensionary [derog.]; hired man, hired hand [coll.], hired help [U.S.]; wage-earner, wageworker; attaché; official.

subordinate; minion, myrmidon, man Friday, slave &c. (subjection) 749.

retinue, suite, cortège, staff, court.

attendant, tender, servant in attendance, waiter, squire, yeoman, usher, page, buttons, donzel, footboy; dog robber; train bearer, cup bearer; waiter, busboy, tapster, butler, livery servant, lackey, footman, flunky, flunkey, valet, valet de chambre [Fr.]; boots; scout [Oxford Univ], gyp [Cambridge Univ.], skip [Trinity College, Dublin]; equerry, groom; jockey, hostler, ostler, tiger, orderly, messenger, cad, gillie, caddie; bearer, wallah, khidmatgar, hamal, chokra [all India]; journeyman, herdsman, swineherd; barkeeper, bartender; bell boy, boy, counter-jumper; yardman.

major-domo, bailiff, steward, house steward, castellan, butler, chamberlain, maître d’hôtel, seneschal, khansamah or khansaman; groom of the chambers.

secretary; under secretary, assistant secretary; clerk; clerical staff, stenographer, subsidiary; agent &c. 758; subaltern; underling, understrapper; man.

factotum, do all [coll.], general servant, general [coll.], man of all work; maid of all work, bonne par tout faire [Fr.], general housework maid [U.S.], slavey [coll].

domestic, domestic servant, house servant; kitchenman; scullion; dishwasher, potwalloper [slang].

maid, maidservant; waitress; handmaid; confidente [Fr.], lady’s maid, abigail, soubrette; amah, biddy, nurse, bonne [Fr.], ayah; nursemaid, nursery maid, house maid, parlor maid, waiting maid, chamber maid, kitchen maid, laundry maid, scullery maid, dairy maid; femme de chambre [Fr.], fille de chambre [Fr.]; camarista; chef de cuisine, cordon bleu [Fr.]; char {a charwoman}; cook, scullion, Cinderella; maid of all work, servant of all work; laundress, bedmaker; journeyman, charwoman &c. (worker) 690.

serf, vassal, slave &c. (subjection) 749; negro [derog.], helot; bondsman, bondswoman; bondslave; âme damnée [a person who is willingly or blindly the tool of another person] [Fr.], odalisque, ryot, adscriptus glebæ [Lat.]; villian, villein; beadsman, bedesman; sizar; pensioner, pensionary; client; dependant, dependent; hanger on, stooge, satellite; parasite &c. (servility) 886; led captain; protégé [Fr.], ward, hireling, mercenary, puppet, tool, creature.

badge of slavery; bonds &c. 752.

VERB. serve; work for; minister to, adminsiter to, pander to, do service to; help &c (auxiliary) 711; wait upon, attend upon, dance attendance upon, pin oneself upon; squire, tend, hang on the sleeve of; charring, care for, do for; dance attendance upon, wait on hand and foot, fag; valet.

ADJ. in the train of; in one’s pay, in one’s employ; at one’s call &c. (obedient) 743; in bonds;

serving, ministering, ministerial, waiting, attending, attendant; helping;

menial, ignoble, low, lowly, abject, base, mean, servile.

PHR. Non bene, crede mihi, servo servitur amico; / Sit liber, dominus qui volet esse meus. [Lat.] {Martialis—Epigrammata. Bk. II. 32. 7. “Service cannot be expected from a friend in service; let him be a freeman who wishes to be my master.” }

pngMaster Hugh, finding he could get no redress, refused to let me go back again to Mr. Gardner. He kept me himself, and his wife dressed my wound till I was again restored to health. He then took me into the shipyard of which he was foreman, in the employment of Mr. Walter Price. There I was immediately set to calking, and very soon learned the art of using my mallet and irons. In the course of one year from the time I left Mr. Gardner’s, I was able to command the highest wages given to the most experienced calkers. I was now of some importance to my master. I was bringing him from six to seven dollars per week. I sometimes brought him nine dollars per week: my wages were a dollar and a half a day. After learning how to calk, I sought my own employment, made my own contracts, and collected the money which I earned. My pathway became much more smooth than before; my condition was now much more comfortable. When I could get no calking to do, I did nothing. During these leisure times, those old notions about freedom would steal over me again. When in Mr. Gardner’s employment, I was kept in such a perpetual whirl of excitement, I could think of nothing, scarcely, but my life; and in thinking of my life, I almost forgot my liberty. I have observed this in my experience of slavery,—that whenever my condition was improved, instead of its increasing my contentment, it only increased my desire to be free, and set me to thinking of plans to gain my freedom. I have found that, to make a contented slave, it is necessary to make a thoughtless one. It is necessary to darken his moral and mental vision, and, as far as possible, to annihilate the power of reason. He must be able to detect no inconsistencies in slavery; he must be made to feel that slavery is right; and he can be brought to that only when he ceases to be a man.

{Frederick Douglass—Narrative of The Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Written by Himself. Ch. X. (Published at the Anti-Slavery Office, No. 25 Cornhill, Boston, 1845). }.

Non est Piscis; homo est; hominem, Calliodore, voras. [Lat.] {Martialis—Epigrammata. Bk. X. xxxi. 6. “It is not fish, it is man; you are devouring man, Calliodorus.” (Refers to the extravagant price paid for fish by Roman epicures, the price of a slave being less than that of a fish). }.

I would not have a slave to till my ground,
To carry me, to fan me while I sleep,
And tremble when I wake, for all the wealth
That sinews bought and sold have ever earned.

{William Cowper—The Task. The Sofa. L. 29.}.

See also Rafael Sabatini in Phrases for Greed.

See also Upton Sinclair on slavery, extravagance, greed and waste in Phrases for Prodigality.


Roget’s Thesaurus 1911. Compiled, edited and supplemented by Nicholas Shea. Dev version 1.7.9b Compiled on: 19 January 2022 at 05:16:38
CORRECTED HEADS: 1 to 905; CORRECTED QUOTES: 1 to 905; ALL OTHER HEADS & QUOTES IN PROGRESS. www.neolithicsphere.com

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