839. Lamentation.

839. [Expression of pain.] Lamentation.NOUN. lament, lamentation; wail, complaint, plaint, murmur, mutter, grumble, groan, moan, whine, whimper, sob, sigh, suspiration, heaving, deep sigh.

cry &c. (vociferation) 411; scream, howl; outcry, wail of woe, frown, scowl.

tear; weeping &c. v.; flood of tears, fit of crying, lacrimation, lachrymation, melting mood, weeping and gnashing of teeth.

plaintiveness &c. adj.; languishment; condolence &c. 915.

mourning, weeds, willow, cypress, crêpe, crape, deep mourning; sackcloth and ashes; lachrymatory; knell &c. 363; deep death song, dirge, coronach, keen, nenia, requiem, elegy, epicedium; threne; monody, threnody; jeremiad, jeremiade; ululation.

mourner; professional mourner; keener; grumbler &c. (discontent) 832; Niobe; Heraclitus.

VERB. lament, mourn, deplore, grieve, weep over; bewail, bemoan; condole with &c. 915; fret &c. (suffer) 828; wear mourning, go into mourning, put on mourning; wear the willow, wear sackcloth and ashes; infandum renovare dolorem [Lat.] {Virgil(See Phrases below). } &c. (regret) 833. ; give sorrow words.

sigh; give a sigh, heave, fetch a sigh; “waft a sigh from Indus to the pole” {Alexander Pope(See Phrases below). } sigh “like a furnace” {Shakespeare—As You Like It. (See Phrases below). }; wail.

cry, weep, sob, greet, blubber, pipe, snivel, bibber, whimper, pule; pipe one’s eye; drop tears, shed tears, drop a tear, shed a tear; melt into tears, burst into tears; fondre en larmes [Fr.]; cry oneself blind, cry one’s eyes out.

scream &c. (cry out) 411; mew &c. (animal sounds) 412; groan, moan, whine, yammer; roar; roar like a bull, bellow like a bull; cry out lustily, rend the air, yell.

frown, scowl, make a wry face, grimace, gnash one’s teeth, wring one’s hands, tear one’s hair, beat one’s breast, roll on the ground, burst with grief.

complain, murmur, mutter, grumble, growl, clamour, make a fuss about, croak, grunt, maunder; deprecate &c. (disapprove) 932.

cry out before one is hurt, complain without cause.

ADJ. lamenting &c. v.; in mourning, in sackcloth and ashes; crying, sorrowing, sorrowful &c. (unhappy) 828; mournful, tearful; lachrymose; plaintive, plaintful; querulous, querimonious; in the melting mood;

in tears, with tears in one’s eyes; with moistened eyes, with watery eyes; bathed in tears, dissolved in tears; “like Niobe all tears” {Shakespeare—Hamlet. (See Phrases below). }

elegiac, epicedial, threnetic.

ADV. de profundis [Lat.]; les larmes aux yeux [Fr.].

INT. heigh-ho! alas! alack! O dear! ah me! woe is me! lackadaisy! well a day! lack a day! alack a day! well-a-way! alas the day! what a pity! O tempora! [Lat.], O mores! [Lat.], miserabile dictu! [Lat.] O lud lud! too true!

PHR. tears standing in the eyes, tears starting from the eyes; eyes suffused, eyes swimming, eyes brimming, eyes overflowing with tears;

Infandum, regina, jubes renovare dolorem. [Lat.] {Virgil—Æneid. II. 3. “Too cruel, lady, is the pain / You bid me thus revive again.” (Conington). Spoken by Æneas when Dido asked him to relate the fall of Troy. }.

“If you have tears, prepare to shed them now.” {Shakespeare—Julius Cæsar. Act III. Sc. 2. See full quotation in Phrases for Pain.}

HAMLET. O that this too too solid flesh would melt,
Thaw, and resolve itself into a dew!
Or that the Everlasting had not fix’d
His canon ’gainst self-slaughter! O God! God!
How weary, stale, flat, and unprofitable
Seem to me all the uses of this world!
Fie on’t! ah, fie! ’Tis an unweeded garden
That grows to seed; things rank and gross in nature
Possess it merely. That it should come to this!
But two months dead! Nay, not so much, not two.
So excellent a king, that was to this
Hyperion to a satyr; so loving to my mother
That he might not beteem the winds of heaven
Visit her face too roughly. Heaven and earth!
Must I remember? Why, she would hang on him
As if increase of appetite had grown
By what it fed on; and yet, within a month–
Let me not think on’t! Frailty, thy name is woman!–
A little month, or ere those shoes were old
With which she followed my poor father’s body
Like Niobe, all tears – why she, even she
(O God! a beast that wants discourse of reason
Would have mourn’d longer)
married with my uncle;
My father’s brother, but no more like my father
Than I to Hercules. Within a month,
Ere yet the salt of most unrighteous tears
Had left the flushing in her galled eyes,
She married. O, most wicked speed, to post
With such dexterity to incestuous sheets!
It is not, nor it cannot come to good.
But break my heart, for I must hold my tongue!

{Shakespeare—Hamlet. Act I. Sc. 2.}.

Interdum lacrymæ pondera vocis habent. [Lat.] {Ovid—Epistolæ Ex Ponto. III. i. 158. “Sometimes tears have the force of words.” }.

“He has strangled his language in his tears.” {Shakespeare—King Henry VIII. Act V. Sc. 1.}.

To complain of the age we live in, to murmur at the present possessors of power, to lament the past, to conceive extravagant hopes of the future, are the common dispositions of the greatest part of mankind; indeed the necessary effects of the ignorance and levity of the vulgar. Such complaints and humours have existed in all times; yet as all times have not been alike, true political sagacity manifests itself, in distinguishing that complaint which only characterizes the general infirmity of human nature, from those which are symptoms of the particular distemperature of our own air and season.

{Edmund Burke—Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontents.}.


Thrice he assayd, and thrice in spite of scorn,
Tears such as Angels weep, burst forth: at last
Words interwove with sighs found out their way.

{John Milton—Paradise Lost. Bk. I. L. 618.}.

Aut ridenda omnia aut flenda sunt. [Lat.] {Seneca—De Ira. II. 20. “All things are cause for either laughter or weeping.” }.

O thou pale orb that silent shines
While care-untroubled mortals sleep!
Thou seest a wretch who inly pines.
And wanders here to wail and weep!
With woe I nightly vigils keep,
Beneath thy wan, unwarming beam;
And mourn, in lamentation deep,
How life and love are all a dream!

{Robert Burns—The Lament. (Occasioned by the unfortunate issue of a Friend’s Amour). }.


Clear, fresh, and dulcet streams,
Which the fair shape, who seems
To me sole woman, haunted at noon-tide;
Fair bough, so gently fit,
(I sigh to think of it,)
Which lent a pillar to her lovely side;
And turf, and flowers bright-eyed,
O’er which her folded gown
Flow’d like an angel’s down;
And you, O holy air and hush’d,
Where first my heart at her sweet glances gush’d;
Give ear, give ear, with one consenting,
To my last words, my last and my lamenting.

{Petrarch—The Sonnets, Triumphs, and Other Poems of Petrarch. Canzone XIV. Chiare, fresche e dolci acque. (To The Fountain of Vauoluse—Contemplations of Death). Ed. Thomas Campbell  }.

“Is not this a lamentable thing, that of the skin of an innocent lamb should be made parchment? That parchment, being scribbl’d o’er, should undo a man? Some say the bee stings; but I say ’tis the bee’s wax; for I did but seal once to a thing, and I was never mine own man since.” {Shakespeare—King Henry VI. Pt. II. Act IV. Sc. 2. (Cade). }.

The fall of Babylon. Kings and merchants lament over her.

png18:1. And after these things, I saw another angel come down from heaven, having great power: and the earth was enlightened with his glory.

18:2. And he cried out with a strong voice, saying: Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen: and is become the habitation of devils and the hold of every unclean spirit and the hold of every unclean and hateful bird:

18:3. Because all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication: and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her; And the merchants of the earth have been made rich by the power of her delicacies.

18:4. And I heard another voice from heaven, saying: Go out from her, my people; that you be not partakers of her sins and that you receive not of her plagues.

18:5. For her sins have reached unto heaven: and the Lord hath remembered her iniquities.

18:6. Render to her as she also hath rendered to you: and double unto her double, according to her works. In the cup wherein she hath mingled, mingle ye double unto her.

18:7. As much as she hath glorified herself and lived in delicacies, so much torment and sorrow give ye to her. Because she saith in her heart: I sit a queen and am no widow: and sorrow I shall not see.

18:8. Therefore, shall her plagues come in one day, death and mourning and famine. And she shall be burnt with the fire: because God is strong, who shall judge her.

18:9. And the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication and lived in delicacies with her, shall weep and bewail themselves over her, when they shall see the smoke of her burning:

18:10. Standing afar off for fear of her torments, saying: Alas! alas! that great city, Babylon, that mighty city: for in one hour is thy judgment come.

18:11. And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her: for no man shall buy their merchandise any more.

18:12. Merchandise of gold and silver and precious stones: and of pearls and fine linen and purple and silk and scarlet: and all thyine wood: and all manner of vessels of ivory: and all manner of vessels of precious stone and of brass and of iron and of marble:

18:13. And cinnamon and odours and ointment and frankincense and wine and oil and fine flour and wheat and beasts and sheep and horses and chariots: and slaves and souls of men.

18:14. And the fruits of the desire of thy soul are departed from thee: and all fat and goodly things are perished from thee. And they shall find them no more at all.

18:15. The merchants of these things, who were made rich, shall stand afar off from her, for fear of her torments, weeping and mourning,

18:16. And saying: Alas! alas! that great city, which was clothed with fine linen and purple and scarlet and was gilt with gold and precious stones and pearls.

18:17. For in one hour are so great riches come to nought. And every shipmaster and all that sail into the lake, and mariners, and as many as work in the sea, stood afar off,

18:18. And cried, seeing the place of her burning, saying: What city is like to this great city?

18:19. And they cast dust upon their heads and cried, weeping and mourning, saying: Alas! alas! that great city, wherein all were made rich, that had ships at sea, by reason of her prices. For, in one hour she is made desolate.

18:20. Rejoice over her, thou heaven and ye holy apostles and prophets. For God hath judged your judgment on her.

18:21. And a mighty angel took up a stone, as it were a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying: With such violence as this, shall Babylon, that great city, be thrown down and shall be found no more at all.

18:22. And the voice of harpers and of musicians and of them that play on the pipe and on the trumpet shall no more be heard at all in thee: and no craftsman of any art whatsoever shall be found any more at all in thee: and the sound of the mill shall be heard no more at all in thee:

18:23. And the light of the lamp shall shine no more at all in thee: and the voice of the bridegroom and the bride shall be heard no more at all in thee. For thy merchants were the great men of the earth: for all nations have been deceived by thy enchantments.

18:24. And in her was found the blood of prophets and of saints and of all that were slain upon the earth.

By Babylon may be very probably signified all the wicked world in general, which God will punish, and destroy after the short time of this mortal life: or it may signify every great city wherein enormous sins and abominations are daily committed; and that when the measure of its iniquities is full, the punishments due to its crimes are poured on it. It may also be some city of the description in the text, that will exist, and be destroyed, as here described, towards the end of the world.

{Holy Bible—Apocalypse. Ch. 18. (Douay-Rheims version). }.

Image credit: “Last of Atlantis” ACEO illustration. Copyright © N.Shea. 2013.


Give not thy heart to despair.
No lamentation can loose
Prisoners of death from the grave;
But Zeus, who accounteth thy quarrel his own,
Still rules, still watches, and numb’reth the hours
Till the sinner, the vengeance, be ripe.
Still, by Acheron stream,
Terrible Deities throned
Sit, and eye grimly the victim unscourged.
Still, still the Dorian boy,
Exiled, remembers his home.

{Matthew Arnold—Merope. (Chorus. Ant. 6.) }.


DUCHESS. Thou art a superstitious fool:
Prepare us instantly for our departure.
Past sorrows, let us moderately lament them,
For those to come, seek wisely to prevent them.

{John Webster—The Duchess of Malfy. Act III. Sc. 2.}.


2:9. And when I looked, behold, an hand was sent unto me; and, lo, a roll of a book was therein;

2:10. And he spread it before me; and it was written within and without: and there was written therein lamentations, and mourning, and woe.

{Holy Bible—Ezekiel. Ch. 2. (King James I version). }.


6:26. O daughter of my people, gird thee with sackcloth, and wallow thyself in ashes: make thee mourning, as for an only son, most bitter lamentation: for the spoiler shall suddenly come upon us.

{Holy Bible—Jeremiah. Ch. 6. (King James I version). }.


Roget’s Thesaurus 1911. Compiled, edited and supplemented by Nicholas Shea. Dev version 1.7.9b Compiled on: 19 January 2022 at 05:16:38
CORRECTED HEADS: 1 to 905; CORRECTED QUOTES: 1 to 905; ALL OTHER HEADS & QUOTES IN PROGRESS. www.neolithicsphere.com

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